Last updated: 
27 February 2020

Update: Act receives Royal Assent

The Intellectual Property Laws Amendment (Productivity Commission Response Part 2 and Other Measures) Act 2020 received Royal Assent on 26 February 2020.

Consultation closed on exposure draft trade marks regulations

Consultation has now closed on the exposure draft of the Trade Marks Amendment (Division of International Registrations and Other Measures) Regulations 2019 and accompanying explanatory material. Head to the consultation page for more details and the outcome of the consultation.

Consultation closed on Exposure Draft of the Intellectual Property Laws Amendment (Productivity Commission Response Part 2 and Other Measures) Regulations 

Consultation has now closed on the Exposure Draft of the Intellectual Property Laws Amendment (Productivity Commission Response Part 2 and Other Measures). Regulations 2018 and accompanying explanatory material. For details of that consultation, including the Exposure Draft Regulations and submissions, please see here. 

Consultation on exposure draft Bill

From 23 July to 31 August 2018, IP Australia sought public comment on the Exposure Draft of the Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Bill (Productivity Commission Response Part 2 and Other Measures) Bill 2018. For details of that consultation, including the exposure draft Bill and submissions received, please see here.

Previous consultation outcome

Thank you to all who provided submissions to our recent consultation from 30 August to 17 November 2017 on the proposed reforms to Australia’s intellectual property (IP) arrangements.

We have considered all the submissions and a response to this consultation detailing further changes, other outcomes, and our reasoning can be found here.

IP Australia response and consultation outcome.pdf

Previous consultation background

From 30 August to 17 November 2017, IP Australia sought public comment on five IP policy matters. Four of these form part of IP Australia’s proposed implementation of the Government’s response to the Productivity Commission’s 2016 report on Australia’s IP arrangements (PC report), and one relates to a trade marks issue. For ease of access, the papers are available individually at the links below, and as a single document here. The consultation period closed on 17 November 2017.

Submissions received

We received 18 non-confidential submissions. The copies of these submissions are available here.

AIPPI Australia

Aristocrat Technologies Australia


Baldwins IP

Charles Smith

Dr Chris Dent

Dr Hazel Moir

Dr Jane Nielsen and Dianne Nicol

Dr Mark Summerfield


FPA Patent Attorneys

Institute of Patent and Trade Mark Attorneys (IPTA)

International Federation of IP Attorneys (FICPI)

Law Council of Australia (LCA) and Queensland Law Society (QLS)

Law Institute of Victoria (LIV)

Medicines Australia

New Zealand Institute of Patent Attorneys (NZIPA)


Paper 1: Amending inventive step requirements for Australian patents

This paper discusses the proposed implementation of the Government’s response to recommendations 7.2 and 7.3 of the PC report. The PC recommended that IP Australia further align the inventive step standard with that of the European Patent Office. This will be done by raising the inventiveness threshold and introducing a requirement for applicants to disclose the technical feature of their invention.

The Government supported these recommendations, and the paper puts forward options for changes to the Patents Act 1990, and the guidance that would be included in the explanatory materials accompanying the changes.



Paper 2: Introduce an objects clause into the Patents Act 1990

This paper discusses the proposed implementation of the Government’s response to recommendation 7.1 of the PC report. The Government’s response supports the PC recommendation that an objects clause be introduced into the Patents Act 1990.

An objects clause provides additional clarity and guidance to the community on the purpose of legislation, assists the courts in interpreting the legislation, and can be used to resolve uncertainty and ambiguity. This paper discusses options for the precise wording of an objects clause to set out the purpose of the patents legislation.



Papers 3 & 4: Amending the provisions for Crown use of patents and designs; and amending the provisions for compulsory licensing of patents

In its response to the PC report, the Government highlighted that in addition to an objects clause, it would also consult on recommendations made by the PC in its 2013 Report, Compulsory Licensing of Patents. These recommendations are intended to ensure that the Crown use and compulsory licensing provisions are working as intended.

Paper 3 discusses options for reform of Crown use provisions for patents and designs. The PC considered that the current provisions were unclear on the purposes for which Crown use may be invoked, and did not sufficiently provide for transparency and accountability in the use of those provisions. Options for reform include clarifying the purposes for which Crown use can be invoked, and introducing a ministerial oversight process and remuneration standard.

Paper 4 discusses options for the reform of compulsory licensing provisions for patents. The PC considered that there was uncertainty as to how the current provisions applied. Options for reform include changing the statutory test and remuneration standard for the grant of a compulsory licence. Paper 4 also discusses proposed changes to address an issue raised by stakeholders concerning compulsory licences and dependent patent inventions.





Paper 5: Introducing divisional applications for international trade marks

This paper discusses the introduction of divisional trade mark applications (divisionals) for International Registrations Designating Australia (IRDAs) filed under the Madrid Protocol. Divisional applications for trade marks are currently available under Australian legislation, but only for applications made directly to IP Australia and not for IRDAs.

The paper also discusses consequential proposals to harmonise and amend the existing practice in Australia for dividing domestic trade mark applications to align with the new IRDA divisional procedures.

While these proposals are not related to the PC report, IP Australia considers them high-priority for implementation in 2018.