Plant Breeder's Rights


Plant breeder's rights (PBR) are exclusive commercial rights for a registered variety of plant.

Understanding plant breeder's rights

PBR basics

Plant breeder's rights (PBR) are used to protect new varieties of plants that are distinct, uniform and stable.

Find out more

PBR in detail

PBR legislation also covers essentially derived varieties and farm saved seed. An advisory committee advises on any technical issues, and can sometimes grant PBR extensions.

Find out more

PBR used with other IP rights

Different combinations of intellectual property rights can be used to add value to a single plant variety. Trade marks and patents are most commonly used with plant breeder’s rights. 

Find out more

Time and costs

The length of the registration process can depend on the variety you are growing. The length of protection is also different for some species. Application fees, certificate fees and renewal fees apply.

Find out more

Applying for a plant breeder's right

Below is an overview of the PBR application process.

    Decide if you have a PBR

    Before you apply for plant breeder’s rights find out if your new plant variety meets the eligibility criteria.


    Before applying for PBR it helps to do a search to make sure your new plant variety is not already registered.

    Application part 1

    This is the first step in the application process, and will provide provisional protection for your new plant variety.

    Get a qualified person (QP)

    You need to nominate a qualified person to complete some parts of your application for plant breeder’s rights.

    Growing trials

    The growing trial needs to demonstrate that your new plant variety is distinct, stable and uniform.

    Application part 2

    The description of your new plant variety is provided for publication at this final stage of applying for plant breeder’s rights.

Managing your plant breeder's right

Australia's plant breeder's rights legislation is aligned with international protection of new plant varieties.

Using your PBR


Your plant breeder’s rights give you exclusive rights to commercialise your plant variety. To maintain your rights, you need to pay annual registration fees and label your plant variety correctly.

Find out more

Dealing with oppositions


An objection to your application for plant breeder’s rights a PBR may take a long time to resolve. Attention to detail in your application can prevent objections.

Find out more

International PBR


You can apply for PBR in other countries. Australia's PBR scheme conforms with the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV).

Find out more

PBR reform

We have set up a dedicated program to explore Australia’s plant breeding ecosystem and the role of PBR to improve how we protect new plant varieties in Australia.

Find out more.

More about plant breeder's rights...

Wheat growing in a laboratory.

Hear from Andrew Cecil from Australian Gran Technologies about how plant breeder’s rights (PBR) are of fundamental importance to their business and help them protect and license their intellectual property.

Two people working in a laboratory.

Hear from Dr Michelle Wirthensohn from the University of Adelaide’s almond breeding program about the significant role plant breeder’s rights (PBR) plays for them, their industry, and in supporting Australian agriculture.

17 August 2022

In late 2021, we began a review of the plant breeder’s rights (PBR) system. 

27 April 2022

We are pleased to advise that our annual Customer Satisfaction Survey is now open to all IP Australia customers.